Spesiasi Aluminium Terlarut dan Sifat Kimia Ultisol yang Diameliorasi dengan Dolomit dan Lignit-Teraktivasi

  • Fahmi Arief Rahman Sekolah Pascasarjana, Program Studi Ilmu Tanah, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Budi Nugroho Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan, Fakultas Pertanian IPB, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Atang Sutandi Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan, Fakultas Pertanian IPB, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Untung Sudadi Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan, Fakultas Pertanian IPB, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680


Phytotoxicity of soil aluminum (Al), both directly to the plant growth as well as indirectly through the increase of soil potential acidity, is closely related to the occurrence of various soil soluble-Al species. Amongst them, Al3+ and monomeric-Al species are the primary causes of Al phytotoxicity in soils with high Al content. This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of soil amelioration with dolomite and base-activated lignite (BAL) on changes in soluble-Al species and other soil chemical properties, and vegetative growth of soybean (Glycine max Merr) on Ultisol of Jasinga (Al-dd 16,03 cmol(+)/kg). A green house experiment was conducted by applying a Completely Randomized Design with dolomite and BAL amelioration as the treatments, each with three levels of repectively 0, 1, 1,5 x exchangeable-Al and 0, 2,5, 5 tons BAL ha-1, and three replications. The ameliorants were incubated at field capacity of soil moisture content for one week before planting soybean for one month. Soil soluble-Al speciation was carried out using colorimetric aluminon method to determine concentrations of total soluble-Al, monomeric-Al, and polymeric-Al species. Monomeric-Al were further speciated into inorganic monomeric-Al and organic monomeric-Al species. The results revealed that only dolomite amelioration that significantly increased soil pH-H2O, pH-KCl, Ca- dd, Na-dd, and decreased exchangeable-Al concentration, except for those of all soluble-Al species that only showed a decreasing trend. Soil exchangeable-Al that was negatively and significantly correlated with soybean measure parameters were plant height, root length, total roots and shoots wet and dry weights, as well as Ca concentration. These results indicated that soil Al phytotoxicity evaluation could be relied on the result of routine analysis on soil exchangeable-Al concentration.


Keywords: exchangeable-Al, inorganic monomeric-Al, organic monomeric-Al, polymeric-Al


Download data is not yet available.


Adani F, Genevini P, Zaccheo P, Zocchi G. 1998. The effect of commercial humic acid on tomato plant growth and mineral nutrition. Journal Plant Nutrition. 21(3): 561-575. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904169 809365424

Akeson M, Unns DN. 1990. Uptake of aluminum into root cytoplasm: Predicted rates for important solution complexes. Journal Plant Nutrition. 13: 467-484. https://doi.org/10.1080/019041690093 64093

Blamey FPC, Edwards DG, Asher CJ. 1983. Effects of Aluminum-OH:Al molar ratios and ionic strength on soybean root elongation in solution culture. Soil Science. 136: 197-207. https://doi.org/ 10.1097/00010694-198310000-00001

Cao ZF, Chen P, Yang F, Wang S, Zhong H. 2018. Transforming structure of dolomite to enhance its ion-exchange capacity for copper (II). Colloids and Surfaces A. 539: 201-208. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2017.12.032

Cheng G, Niu Z, Zhang C, Zhang X, Li X. 2019. Extraction of humic acid from lignite by KOH-hydrothermal Method. Applied Sciences. 9(1356): 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9071356

Clarkson DT. 1966. Effect of aluminum on the uptake and metabolism of phosphorus by barley seedlings. Plant Physiology. 41:16-172. https:// doi.org/10.1104/pp.41.1.165

Eviati, Sulaeman. 2005. Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air, dan Pupuk. Edisi ke-2. Bogor (ID): Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Fageria NK, Stone LF. 2004. Yield of common bean in no-tillage system with application of lime and zinc. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira. 73-78. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X20040001 00011

Foth HD, Ellis BG. 1996. Soil Fertility. 2nd Ed. Boca Raton (CA): Lewis Publishers.

Frink CR, Peech M. 1962. The solubility of gibbsite in aqueous solution and soil extracts. Soil Science Society of America Journal 28: 346-347. https:// doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1962.03615995002600040012x

Gerke J. 1993. Aluminum complexation by humic substances and aluminum species in the soil solution. Geoderma. 63: 165-175. https:// doi.org/10.1016/0016-7061(94)90004-3

Hoffmann K, Huculak-Maczka M. 2012. Assessment of efficiency of humic acids extraction processusing different fineness of lignite. Ecolology Chemistry and Engineering A. 19(9): 1107-1113

Hsu PH, Rich CL. 1960. Aluminum fixation in a synthetic cation exchanger. Soil Science Society of America Journal . 24: 21-25. https://doi.org/ 10.2136/sssaj1960.03615995002400010015x

Hsu PH. 1963. Effect of initial pH, phosphate and silicate on the determination of aluminum with aluminon. Soil Science 96(4): 230-238. https://d oi.org/10.1097/00010694-196310000-00002

Loannidou O, Zabaniotou A. 2007. Agricultural residues as precursors for activated Carbon production. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. 11: 1966-2005. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.rser.2006.03.013

Jones LH, Thurman DA. 1957. The determination of aluminium in soil, ash and plant materials using eriochrome cyanine R.A. Plant and Soil. 9: 131-141. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01398921

Jones DL, Kochian LV, Gilroy S. 1998. Aluminum induces a decrease in cytosolic calcium concentration in BY-2 tobacco cell cultures. Plant Physiology. 116:81-89. https://doi.org/10.1104/ pp.116.1.81

Kerven GL, Edward DG, Asher CJ, Hallman PS, Kokot S. 1989. Aluminum determination in soil solution: II. Short-term colorimetric procedure for the measurement of inorganic monomeric aluminum in the presence of organic acid ligand. Australian Journal of Soil Research. 91-102. https:// doi.org/10.1071/SR9890091

Liu K, Luan S. 2001. Internal aluminum block of plant inward K+ channels. Plant Cell. 13: 1453-1465. https://doi.org/10.1105/TPC.010016

Nduwumuremyi A. 2013. Soil acidification and lime quality: Sources of soil acidity, effects on plant nutrients, efficiency of lime, and liming requirements. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences. 2: 26-32.

Qi Y, Hoadley AFA, Chaffee AL, Garnier G. 2011. Characterisation of lignite as an industrial adsorbent. Fuel. 90: 1567-1574. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.01.015

Ranal MA, Rodrigues CM, Teixeira WF, Oliveira AP, Romero R. 2016. Seed germination of Microlicia fasciculata, an apomictic and aluminium accumulator species: Unexpected intraspecific variability in a restricted neotropical savanna area. Flora 220: 8-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.flora.2016.02.001

Raynal DJ, Joslin JD, Thornton FC, Schaedle M, Henderson GS. 1990. Sensitivity of tree seedlings to aluminum: III. Red spruce and loblolly pine. Journal of Environmental Quallity. 19: 180-187. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1990.00472425001900020003x

Rengel Z, Robinson DL. 1989. Aluminum effects on growth and macronutrient uptake by annual ryegrass. Agronomy Journal. 81: 208-215. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1989.00021962008100020014x

Robles I, Bustos E, Lakatos J. 2016. Adsorption study of mercury on lignite in the presence of different anions. Sustainable Environment Research. 26: 136-141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.serj.2016.04.008

Ryan PR, Ditomaso JM, Kochian LV. 1993. Aluminum toxicity in roots: An investigation of spatial sensitivity and the role of the root cap. Journal of Experimental Botany. 44: 437-446. https://doi.org/ 10.1093/jxb/44.2.437

Ryan PR, Tyerman SD, Sasaki T, Furuichi T, Yamamoto Y, Zhang WH, Delhaize E. 2011. The identification of aluminum resistance genes provides opportunities for enhancing crop production on acid soils. Journal of Experimental Botany. 62: 9-20. https://doi.org/10.1093/ jxb/erq272

Samac DA, Tesfaye M. 2003. Plant improvement for tolerance to aluminum in acid soil, a review. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture. 75: 189-207. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025843829545

Shen RF, Yang ZM, Zheng SJ. 2008. Behavior of Aluminum in Soil-Plant Systems and Adaptation Mechanisms to Aluminum Toxicity In Plants. Beijing (CHN): Science Press.

Silva S, Pinto-Carnide O, Martins-Lopes P, Matos M, Guedes-Pinto H, Santos C. 2010. Differential aluminum changes on nutrient accumulation and root differentiation in an Al sensitive vs tolerant wheat. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 68:91-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot. 2009.10.005

Sivaguru M, Horst WJ. 1998. The distal part of the transition zone is the most aluminum-sensitive apical root zone of maize. Plant Physiology. 116: 155-63. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.116.1.155

Tan KH. 2011. Prinsiple of Soil Chemistry. 4th Ed. Georgia (US): CRC Press.

Taylor GJ, Blamey FPC, Edwards DG. 1998. Antagonistic and synergistic interactions between aluminum and manganese on growth of Vigna unguiculata at low ionic strength. Physiologia Plantarum 104: 183-194. https://doi.org/ 10.1034/j.1399-3054.1998.1040206.x

Tisdale SL, Nelson WL, Beaton JD. 1985. Soil Fertility and Fertilizer. 4th ed. London (UK): Colier Mc. Millan.

Wang Y, Wang L, Shan Y, Hu J, Tsang Y, Hu Y, Fu X, Le Y. 2014. Optimization of inorganic carbon sources to improve the carbon fixation efficiency of non-photosynthetic microbial community with different electron donors. Environmental Technology. 36(912): 1246-1255. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/09593330.2014.983991

Wright RJ, Baligar VC, Wright SF. 1987. Estimation of phytotoxic aluminum in soil solution using three spectrophotometric methods. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 114(3): 224-232. https:// doi.org/10.1097/00010694-198709000-00009

Xiao L, Sun Q, Yuan H, Li X, Chu Y, Ruan Y, Lian B. 2016. A feasible way to increase carbon sequestration by adding dolomite and K-feldspar to soil. Cogent Geoscience 2(1205324): 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/23312041.2016.1205324

Yang ZB, Horst WJ. 2015. Aluminum-induced inhibition of root growth: Roles of cell wall assembly, structure, and function. Springer. 24: 253274. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19968-9_13

How to Cite
RahmanF. A., NugrohoB., SutandiA., & SudadiU. (2020). Spesiasi Aluminium Terlarut dan Sifat Kimia Ultisol yang Diameliorasi dengan Dolomit dan Lignit-Teraktivasi. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 26(1), 42-49. https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.26.1.42