Keanekaragaman Serangga Fitofag pada Sengon Falcataria moluccana (Miq.) Barneby & J.W. Grimes dari Jawa dan Hawaii di Persemaian di Bogor
Albizia (Falcataria moluccana) cultivated in Indonesia for timber plantations can increase the farmer’s income, even though albizia became an invasive alien species that can cause the economic and ecological losses. The controlling of invasive species using biological control is an effective method. The purpose of this study was to determine the phytophagous insects on albizia from Java and Hawaii in seedling in Bogor. The experiment was conducted in Carangpulang, Dramaga, Bogor. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized block design using seed origin as a treatment (albizia Java and Hawaii) with 4 replicates. Total number of tree sample was 160 trees. Observations were conducted every 2 weeks until 32 weeks after planting. Identification of insects was conducted in the Laboratory of Insect Biosystematics, IPB. A total of 67 phytophagous insects were collected, 57 species in albizia from Java and 54 species in albizia from Hawaii. There was no difference in abundance and diversity of phytophagous insects on albizia from Java and Hawaii. Larvae of Eurema blanda (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) became an important pest causes leaf defoliation. Furthermore, Hulodes caranea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Margarodes sp. (Hemiptera: Margarodidae), Choristoneura sp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), and Adoxophyes sp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) identified as important pests that have not been reported in the other research.
Keywords: albizia, defoliator insect, Fabaceae, important pests, invasive alien species
Aprilia NT. 2011. Studi pustaka hama sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria (L) Nielsen). [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
[BIISC] Big Island Invasive Species Committee. 2015. Albizia in East Hawaii Roadside Hazards. Hawaii (US): Manoa Bc.
Blossey B, Notzold R. 1995. Evolution of increased competitive ability in invasive nonindigenous plants: a hypothesis. Journal of Ecology. 83(5): 887-889. https://doi.org/10.2307/2261425
Blumenthal D. 2005. Interrelated causes of plant invasion. Science. 310: 243-246.
Budiawan, Arifin H, Suprayogi K. 2012. Manual Pelatihan-Pelatihan Teknik Persemaian dan Silvikultur Volume 3. Jakarta (ID): Kemenhut RI.
Bürki CB, Nentwig W. 1997. Comparison of herbivore insect communities of Heracleum sphondylium and H. mantegazzianum in Switzerland (Spermato-phyta: Apiaceae). Entomologia Generalis. 22: 147-155.
Cappuccino N, Carpenter D. 2005. Invasive exotic plants suffer less herbivory than non-invasive exotic plants. Biology Letters. 1(4): 435-438. https://doi. org/10.1098/rsbl.2005.0341
Chandler MA, Skinner LC, Riper LCV. 2016. Biological Control of Invasive Plants in Minnesota. [Internet]. [diunduh pada 2016 Des 23] tersedia pada: www.dnr.state.mn.us/eco/invasives/index.html
Clarke K. 1993. Non-parametric multivariate analyses of change in community structure. Australian Journal of Ecology. 18: 117-143.
Frenzel M, Brandl R. 2003. Diversity and abundance patterns of phytophagous insect communities on alien and native host plants in the Brassicaceae. Ecography. 26: 723-730.
Gilligan TM, Passoa SC. 2014. LepIntercept - An identification resource for intercepted Lepidoptera larvae. [internet]. [diunduh pada 2016 Okt 14] tersedia pada: htpp://idtools.org/id/leps/lepinterce-pt/lucidkey.html.
Haines WP, Barton KE, Conant P. 2011. Defoliation of the invasive tree Falcataria moluccana on Hawaii Island by the native koa looper moth (Geometridae: Scotorythra paludicola), and evaluation of five Fabaceous trees as larval host plants. Hawaiian Entomological Society. 45: 129-139.
Hamback P, Vogt M, Tscharntke T, Thies C, Englund G. 2007. Top-down and bottom-up effects on the spatiotemporal dynamics of cereal aphids: testing scaling theory for local density. Oikos. 116: 1995-2006.
Hughes RF, Johnson MT, Uowolo A. 2013. The invasive alien tree Falcataria moluccana. Di dalam: Dennill G, Donnelly D dan Stewart K, editor. Prospects for Weed Biological Control in Pacific Islands XIII. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, Hawaii (US): USDA Forest Service. hlm 218-223.
Irianto RSB, Matsumoto K, Mulyadi K. 1997. The yellow butterfly species of the genus Eurema hubner causing severe defoliation in the forestry plantations of Paraserianthes falcataria (L) Nielsen, in the western part of Indonesia. Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Science. 4(4): 41-49.
Joshi J, Vrieling K. 2005. The enemy release and EICA hypothesis revisited: incorporating the fundamental difference between specialist and generalist herbivores. Ecology Letters. 8(7): 704-714. https:// doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00769.x
Kleunen M, Weber E, Fischer M. 2010. A meta-analysis of trait differences between invasive and non-invasive plant species. Ecology Letters. 13(2): 235-245. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.200 9.01418.x
Kolar CS, Lodge DM. 2001. Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 16(4): 199-204. https://doi.org/10.1016/ S0169-5347(01)02101-2
Krisnawati H, Varis E, Kallio M, Kanninen M. 2011. Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) Nielsen Ekologi, Silvikultur dan Produktivitas. Bogor (ID): CIFOR.
Lieurance D. 2012. Mechanisms of success: plant-herbivore interactions and the invasion of non-native Lonicera species in North America. [Disertasi]. Ohio (US): Wright State University.
Liu H, Stiling P, Pemberton RW, Pe, xf, a J. 2006. Insect Herbivore Faunal Diversity among Invasive, Non-Invasive and Native Eugenia Species: Implications for the Enemy Release Hypothesis. Florida Entomologist. 89(4): 475-484. https://doi.or g/10.1653/0015-4040(2006)89[475:IHFDAI]2.0.CO ;2
Murdiyarso D, Wahid P, Adelia R. 1992. Status air tanaman sengon (Albizia falcataria (L.) Fosberg) tempat tumbuh. Jurnal Agromet. 8(1): 41-53.
Nair KSS. 2000. Insect Pests and Diseases in Indonesian Forests. Bogor (ID): Central of International Forestry Research.
Nair KSS. 2007. Tropical Forest Insect Pests. New York (US): Cambridge University Press.
Nusantara AD. 2002. Tanggap semai sengon [Paraserianthes falcataria (L) Nielsen] terhadap inokulasi ganda cendawan mikoriza Arbuskular dan Rhizobium sp. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 4(2): 62-70.
Richardson DM, Pysek P, Barbour MG, Panetta FD, Rejmánek M, West CJ. 2000. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants: concepts and definition. Diversity and Distributions. 6: 93-107.
Rizali A, Tscharntke T, Buchori D, Clough Y. 2017. Separating effects of species identity and species richness on predation, pathogen dissemination and resistance to invasive species in tropical ant communities. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 20(1): 122-130. https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12236
Setyawan YP, Hidayat P, Puliafico KP. 2018. Herbivorous insects associated with albizia (Falcataria moluccana) saplings in Bogor. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 197(1).
Siregar UJ, Rachmi A, Massijaya MY, Ishibashi N, Ando K. 2007. Economic analysis of sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) community forest plantation, a fast growing species in East Java, Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics. 9(7): 822-829. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2006.03.0 14
Soeparno, Dwiyono A. 2013. Modul pelatihan persemaian. Bandung (ID): Citarum Watershed Management and Biodiversity Conservation.
Speight M, Hunter M, Watt A. 1999. Ecology of insects: concepts and applications. Oxford (GB): Blackwell Scientific.
Stam JM, Kroes A, Li Y, Gols R, van Loon JJ, Poelman EH, Dicke M. 2014. Plant interactions with multiple insect herbivores: from community to genes. Annual Review of Plant Biology. 65: 689-713.
Starr F, Starr K, Loope L. 2003. Falcataria moluccana (Molucca albizia). Hawaii (US): United States Geological Survey-Biological Resources Division.
Stehr FW. 1987. Immature Insect. Iowa (US): Kendall-Hunt Publishing.
Stork Ne. 1988. Insect diversity: facts, fiction and speculation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 35: 321-337.
Suharti M. 2002. Beberapa hama dan penyakit penting pada sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) dan teknik pengendaliannya. Buletin Penelitian Hasil Hutan. 632: 27-46.
Surachman IF, Indriyanto, Hariri AM. 2014. Inventarisasi hama persemaian di hutan tanaman rakyat Desa Ngambur Kecamatan Bengkunat Belimbing Kabupaten Lampung Barat. Jurnal Sylva Lestari. 2(2): 7-16. https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl227 16
Thomas MB, Reid AM. 2007. Are exotic natural enemies an effective way of controlling invasive plants? Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 22(9): 447-53.
Tscharntke T, Karp DS, Chaplin-Kramer R, Batary P, DeClerck F, Gratton C, Hunt L, Ives A, Jonsson M, Larsen A, Martin EA, Martínez-Salinas A, Meehan TD, O'Rourke M, Poveda K, Rosenheim JA, Rusch A, Schellhorn N, Wange TC, Wratten S, Zhang W. 2016. When natural habitat fails to enhance biological pest control – Five hypotheses. Biological Conservation. 204: 449-458. https://doi.org/10.10 16/j.biocon.2016.10.001
Tuhumury A. 2007. Inventarisasi jenis hama pada tanaman sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria Nielson) di lokasi hutan kemasyarakatan Waesamu, Kecamatan Kairatu Kabupaten Seram Bagian Barat. Jurnal Agroforestri Indonesia. 2(1): 14-18.
Vila M, Espinar J, Hejda M, Hulme P, Jarosik V, Maron J. 2011. Ecological impacts of invasive plants: a meta-analysis of their effects on species, communities and ecosystems. Ecology Letters. 14(1): 702-708. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.14610248 .2011.01628.x
White EM, Sims NM, Clarke AR. 2008. Test of the enemy release hypothesis: the native magpie moth prefers a native fireweed (Senecio pinnatifolius) to its introduced congener (S. madagascariensis). Austral Ecology. 33(1): 110-116. https://doi.org/10 .1111/j.1442-9993.2007.01795.x
Wikstrom SA, Steinarsdottir MB, Kautsky L, Pavia H. 2006. Increased chemical resistance explains low herbivore colonization of introduced seaweed. Oecologia. 148(4): 593-601.
Wong BJ. 2012. Effects of an invasive tree species (Falcataria moluccana) on understory diversity in Mo’orea, French Polynesia. Pacific Science. 34(3): 367-379.
Zou J, Rogers WE, Siemann E. 2008a. Increased competitive ability and herbivory tolerance in the invasive plant Sapium sebiferum. Biological Invasions. 10(3): 291-302.
Zou J, Siemann E, Rogers WE, Dewalt SJ. 2008b. Decreased resistance and increased tolerance to native herbivores of the invasive plant Sapium sebiferum. Ecography. 31(5): 663-671.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).