Evaluation of Tuberculosis Vaccine Candidate, pcDNA3.1-rpfD using Mycobacterial Growth Inhibition Assay (MGIA)
Resuscitation-promoting factor D (RpfD) is a protein involved in the resuscitation of dormant bacteria. A new tuberculosis vaccine carrying the rpfD gene has been successfully constructed, pcDNA3.1-rpfD. It was demonstrated that this vaccine exhibits cellular and humoral immune responses. Therefore, within this study, the efficacy of this new vaccine candidate was evaluated using mycobacterial growth inhibition assay (MGIA). MGIA is a functional assay that measures the complex host immune response, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and splenocyte from BALB/c mice against mycobacteria. With BACTECTM MGITTM 960 automated system, the effect of vaccination on bacterial growth was reported as a time to positivity (TTP) in hours. The mean of TTP from the vaccinated group (both pcDNA3.1-rpfD and BCG) was higher than the negative control group. These results suggest that pcDNA3.1-rpfD may be effective in controlling tuberculosis growth and may provide a clue for the development of the tuberculosis vaccine. In addition, despite previous evidence that IFNγ was essential for tuberculosis immunity, IFNγ (interferon gamma) production was found not to be correlated with mycobacterial inhibition. Therefore, these findings offer an alternative method to evaluate vaccine candidates than the assessment using IFNγ only.
Copyright (c) 2022 Mifa Nurfadilah, Andriansjah Rukmana, Fithriyah Sjatha
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
HAYATI J Biosci article's license is CC-BY-NC. This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon author's work, as long as they credit the original creation.
Authors who submit and publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal/publisher non exclusive publishing rights with the work simultaneously licensed under a https://creativecommons.org/
licenses/by-nc/4.0/Attributi on — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
- Authors can still use their work commercially
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).