Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp <p align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/fapetipb/cover_iptp.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan (Journal of Animal Production &amp; Processing Technology)<br><br>ISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2303-2227</a></p> <p>eISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2615-594X</a>&nbsp;<br><br>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is published three times a year in January, June, and October by Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University in associated with <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1bhEFBz8AGbtAQLiAsFH_Lyx_QN0L7LBm/view?usp=sharing">Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)</a>. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan as the open access journal has been indexed by <strong>Garuda, PKP Index, Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),</strong>&nbsp;<strong>EuroPub,</strong> <strong>Science and Technology Index (SINTA),&nbsp;</strong>and&nbsp;<strong>Google Scholar</strong>.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is currently an accredited journal under <strong>SINTA 3</strong> category by National Journal Accreditation (ARJUNA) under Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Republic Indonesia as stipulated in the Decree No. 30.EKPT/2019.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan&nbsp;receives manuscripts encompass a broad range of research topics :&nbsp;livestock production, management and environment, breeding and genetics, livestock yield technology, and socio-economic livestock.</p> en-US agunawan.jipthp@gmail.com (Prof. Dr. agr. Asep Gunawan, S.Pt M.Sc) astariapriantini@gmail.com (Dr. Astari Apriantini S.Gz, M.Sc) Tue, 19 Oct 2021 22:17:51 +0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Efektivitas Ekstrak Daun Kemangi Untuk Menurunkan Kadar Gas NH3 dan H2S Ekskreta Puyuh (Coturnix coturnix japonica) https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38029 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) is one of the poultry produced meat and eggs commodity. The problem quail raising is excreta produces NH</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="font-size: 6pt;">3 </span><span class="fontstyle0">and H</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="font-size: 6pt;">2</span><span class="fontstyle0">S gases are chemicals in a free form and can pollute the environment. This study examines the effect of basil leaf extract on the reduction of NH</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="font-size: 6pt;">3 </span><span class="fontstyle0">and H</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="font-size: 6pt;">2</span><span class="fontstyle0">S quail excreta. Fresh excreta given extract with concentration level 200 mg mL</span><sup><span class="fontstyle0">-1</span></sup><span class="fontstyle0">, 150 mg mL</span><sup><span class="fontstyle0">-1</span></sup><span class="fontstyle0">, 100 mg mL</span><sup><span class="fontstyle0">-1</span></sup><span class="fontstyle0">, 50 mg mL then incubate for 24 hours. The method of basil leaf extraction by maceration soaking simplisia on ethanol 96% with comparison ratio 1:10. Antibacterial activity extract test used disc diffusion method. The inoculum contains 106 mL</span><sup><span class="fontstyle0">-1 </span></sup><span class="fontstyle0">bacterial cells </span><span class="fontstyle2">S.aureus </span><span class="fontstyle0">and </span><span class="fontstyle2">E.coli </span><span class="fontstyle0">are spreads on the MHA media then incubated at 37 </span><sup><span class="fontstyle0">o</span></sup><span class="fontstyle0">C for 24 hour. The result of this study that the levels of NH</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="font-size: 6pt;">3 </span><span class="fontstyle0">and H</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="font-size: 6pt;">2</span><span class="fontstyle0">S decreased (P&lt;0.05) after given additional extract. Basil extract can inhibit bacterial activity </span><span class="fontstyle2">S.aureus </span><span class="fontstyle0">and </span><span class="fontstyle2">E.coli </span><span class="fontstyle0">(P&lt;0.05). This study indicates that the additional basil leaf extract with a maximum concentration 200 mL</span><sup><span class="fontstyle0">-1 </span></sup><span class="fontstyle0">optimal can reduce NH</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="font-size: 6pt;">3 </span><span class="fontstyle0">and H</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="font-size: 6pt;">2</span><span class="fontstyle0">S gas levels compared to controls were not given additional extract.</span></p> M. W. Prayoga, Salundik, M. Ulfah Copyright (c) https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38029 Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Dampak Pandemi Covid-19 terhadap Peternakan Hewan Qurban di Kota Sukabumi dan Kabupaten Bogor, Studi Kasus: Zona Hijau dan Merah https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38031 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) has been declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a pandemic and Indonesia is one of the countries affected by the outbreak. This has a major impact on the social economic and the prosperous community, especially for sub sector livestock which contributes to the fulfillment of the nutritional value of animal protein and national food security. This study aims to determine the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the livestock sector, especially to the sacrificial animal farm. Direct interviews using a questionnaire were conducted with 36 sacrifial animal farmers in the area of the Covid-19 spread map in the red zone (Bogor Regency) and the green zone (Sukabumi City) from September to November, 2020. The questionnaire was divided into three parts, first part about characteristics of farmers, second part about farming activities, and the last about market of sacrificial animals. The pandemic has caused changes in livestock procurement in terms of input prices and sales of sacrificial animals. The price of livestock for the production input during the pandemic in the green zone is low, while in the red zone is high. The decrease in sales occurred in the green zone, while in the red zone is increase, both for sheep and cattle farmers. Most of sacrificial animal farmers (88.89%) did not change their sales method from the previous year. Sacrificial animal farmers also strongly agree that Covid-19 pandemic has an impact on the economic conditions of farmers.</span> </p> A. Hakim, P. Sembada, S. D. S. Andik Copyright (c) https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38031 Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Penerapan GMP dan SSOP dalam Proses Produksi Rendang Daging di Produsen Rendang Istana Rendang Jambak https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38032 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Rendang is a Minangkabau typical food made from meat cooked with coconut milk and additional spices for 4-6 hours using a wood stove and a semi-closed place, where the rendang is made potentially contaminated with contamination during production. This study aims to evaluate the application of the basic requirements of food safety standards, namely GMP and SSOP during the production process at the rendang producer, Istana Rendang Jambak. Data were taken based on observations and interviews of workers and owners. The assessment of conformity with the application of GMP in rendang producers, Istana Rendang Jambak,&nbsp; obtained a score of 34.17%-85.00%, with a deviation value of 213 from the overall value of 468. The assessment of conformity with the application of SSOP obtained a value of 0.00%-68.75%, with a deviation value of 79 from the overall value of 120. Rendang Palace Jambak is sufficient to meet the principles of GMP, but does not meet FDA requirements regarding SSOP.</span></p> V. Indriani, A. Apriantini, T. Suryati Copyright (c) https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38032 Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Implementasi Higiene Sanitasi pada RPH Kategori I sebagai Syarat Produksi Daging Sehat https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38034 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Abbatoirs have to produce meat that complied requisite of safety, healthy, wholeness and halal. Animal<br>origin product have to requisite basic safety product which implementated of hygine sanitation as<br>production processed. The research aim was to evaluate implementation of hygine sanitation system<br>on 1st categrory abbatoir at Bogor Regency to complied safety and quality assurance of product.<br>Observations on the implementation of hygienic sanitation were carried out using an evaluation matrix<br>of the suitability of physical requirements with the criterion parameter assessment method based on<br>the Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture Number 13/2010. </span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124;">The best suitability value (NK) of 3 was<br>obtained on the environmental hygiene indicator and the absence of the use of chemicals, while the<br>other sanitation hygiene indicators were worth 2 (less appropriate). The results of testing on meat for<br>the content of </span><span class="fontstyle2">Salmonella sp</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124;">. is negative and the Total Plate Count test is between 7.1 x 10</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124; font-size: 6pt;">3 </span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124;">- 5.2 x 10</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124; font-size: 6pt;">4<br></span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124;">cfu/g below the SNI threshold (1.0 x 10</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124; font-size: 6pt;">6 </span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124;">cfu/g). The test for </span><span class="fontstyle2">E. coli </span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124;">in meat was above the threshold of<br>suspected contamination from the water used. Validation of hygiene sanitation practices was carried out<br>by means of </span><span class="fontstyle2">Colliform </span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124;">swabs on knives, palms hand and clothing of officers. </span><span class="fontstyle2">Colliform </span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124;">swab test of the<br>officer’s palm hand, which is 5.4 x 10</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124; font-size: 6pt;">2 </span><span class="fontstyle0" style="color: #202124;">cfu/g, shows a value above the allowable threshold. The results of<br>the evaluation of the application of sanitation and hygiene in the abattoir are quite good but still need<br>improvement. Priority improvements are the equipment of cleaning facilities, water quality testing and<br>improvement of personal hygiene understanding.</span> </p> M. Fitri, H. Nuraini, R. Priyanto, Y. C. Endrawati Copyright (c) https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38034 Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Evaluasi Program Pemuliaan Berdasarkan Parameter Genetik dan Fenotipik Pada Sapi Peranakan Ongole https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38038 <p><span class="fontstyle0">The field station of the School for Smallholder Community, Sekaran Village, Kasiman District is one of<br>the places for beef cattle development in Bojonegoro Regency. Sekaran Field Station has several breeds<br>of cattle, including Ongole Crossbred. Ongole Crossbreeds have a large population in the Sekaran School<br>for Smallholder Community with a population of 38%. Evaluation of breeding programs is based on<br>genetic parameters and can be used to obtain the latest information on the successful implementation of<br>breeding programs in a population of livestock. The aim of this study was to evaluate the development<br>program of Ongole Crossbreed cattle at the Sekaran School for Smallholder Community field station<br>using genetic and phenotypic parameters. This study uses a survey method based on questionnaires by<br>conducting interviews with farmers. The data observed were recorded data from 190 heads of Ongole<br>Crossbreeds. The parameters observed were breeding values, genetic and phenotypic correlations, as<br>well as genetic and phenotypic patterns. The results showed that the highest estimation of breeding<br>value in Ongole Crossbred was 5.71 (6 heads) and the lowest was 0.10 (2 heads). The genetic correlation<br>of age at first giving birth, calving distance and empty period ranged from -0.03–0.13. The phenotypic<br>correlation of the three reproductive traits ranged from -0.12-0.09. The genetic patterns of age at first<br>giving birth, calving distance and empty period were -0.97 months/year, -2.51 days/year and 0.05 days/<br>year, respectively. The phenotypic patterns of the three reproductive traits were 36 months/year, 388<br>days/year and 84 days/year, respectively. Based on the results of the evaluation of the breeding program<br>using genetic and phenotypic parameters, the development of Ongole Peranakan cattle needs to be<br>continued by implementing good and digital-based management in order to provide success in the Ongole<br>Crossbred development program at the Sekaran field station of the School for Smallholder Community.</span> </p> A. Irianto, Muladno, A. Gunawan Copyright (c) https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38038 Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Karakteristik Fisikokimia dan Aktifitas Antioksidan Daging Itik yang Dilapisi Ekstrak Propolis Selama Penyimpanan Suhu Ruang https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38039 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Duck meat is a perishable food that has a short shelf-life. Therefore, packaging is needed to be used to<br>maintain duck meat quality during storage, one of the ways to extend shelf-life of duck meat is using<br>propolis extract as edible coating which is contained antioxidant substances which can be used to extend<br>during storage. The aim of this research was to analyze the effect of propolis extract as an edible coating<br>material on duck meat to maintain the quality and extend shelf-life of duck meat at room temperature.<br>The research was used a completely randomized design (CRD) factorial 4x3 with 3 replications,<br>consisting of 4 propolis concentrations (0.0%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%) and 3 storage times (0 hours, 6 hours<br>and 24 hours). Duck meats coated with propolis extracts had a significant effect on the water content and<br>antioxidant activity of duck meat (P &lt; 0.05). The storage time had a significant effect on the pH value<br>and the cooking loss of duck meat (P &lt;0.05). The addition of propolis extract and storage time had a<br>significant effect on the pH value, cooking loss and antioxidant activity of duck meat (P &lt;0.05).</span> </p> A. Apriantini, S. Adinata, Y. C. Endrawati Copyright (c) https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38039 Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Performa Cacing Lumbricus rubellus terhadap Penambahan Tepung Cangkang Telur sebagai Media https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38040 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Lumbricus rubellus </span><span class="fontstyle2">is one of earthworm species that has been cultivated because its utility as feed for livestock and fish. The culture media for earthworms are mainly manure and compost. The purpose of this research was to observe the performance of </span><span class="fontstyle0">Lumbricus rubellus </span><span class="fontstyle2">given eggshell powder in different types and levels. This study used commercial eggshell flour and homemade eggshell flour with different levels (10%, 20%, 30%) mixed with cow dung as a medium. The results of the study showed that the addition of eggshell flour (commercial and homemade) as much as 10% showed a higher earthworm weight gain than other treatments but the cocoon production of the treatment was lower than the control (0% eggshell flour).</span> </p> N. C. Hartono, A. M. Fuah, V. A. Mendrofa, Winarno Copyright (c) https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38040 Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Estimasi Nilai Heritabilitas Lingkar Dada dan Panjang Badan pada Kambing Peranakan Etawah di BPTU dan HPT Pelaihari Kalimantan Selatan https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38041 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Evaluation in standardization really needs to be carried out, including whether the livestock is in accordance with the SNI vital statistics standard (Indonesian national standard). The purpose of the study was to estimate heritability and breeding values of body weight and vital statistics in Etawah Grade (PE) goats in BPTU and HPT Pelaihari Kalimantan Selatan. The material used were the performance records of 220 PE goats, offsprings of 35 males and 71 females. The variables measured were body length and chest girth at birth, weaning, and 1 year of age. Variance componenet were analyzed using variance analysisrade. Heritability was estimated using the paternal half-sib correlation method by applying SPSS software. Breeding value was estimated using the progeny test model. The highest breeding value on body length at birth, at weaning age and at 1 year of age were sire 3315 KK, sire 4093 OK, and sire 4007 OK, respectively. The highest breeding Value on chest girth at birth, weaning age and 1 year of age were sire 3983 HH, 3315 HH, and 3971 HH. The conclusion of this study were the heritability for body weight were categorized high and for statistic vital were varied from medium to high value.</span> </p> M. F. Amin, G. Ciptadi, V. M. A. Nurgiartiningsih Copyright (c) https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/38041 Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0700