JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jekp <div id="journalDescription"> <p style="text-align: justify;"><input style="margin-right: 9px; margin-left: 9px; float: left;" alt="" height="210" src="/public/site/images/adminjekp/5e2516cf13450.256px_1.png" type="image" width="170">Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan (JEKP) adalah jurnal yang berisi artikel yang mencakup hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan pendapat terkait ekonomi yang saat ini berkembang baik secara nasional maupun internasional. JEKP diterbitkan dua kali setiap tahun, yaitu periode Juli dan Desember. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan (JEKP) fokus kepada topik ekonomi secara luas, yang mencakup bidang ekonomi regional dan politik, ekonomi industri, ekonomi pembangunan, ekonomi ketenagakerjaan, perdagangan internasional, serta ekonomi moneter dan perbankan. Artikel yang dimuat pada jurnal ini merupakan artikel yang berkualitas tinggi dan mengelaborasi pengembangan pemodelan ekonomi, dan analisa kebijakan ekonomi.</p> <p>ISSN p : <a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1325082642" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1979-5149</a>; e :&nbsp; <a href="http://issn.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1566981770&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2686-2514</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> IPB University en-US JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN 1979-5149 <p>The authors who publis article(s) in Jurnal Ekonomi and Kebijakan Pembangunan have to understand and agree that the copyright of article published is owned by Jurnal ekonomi and Kebijakan pembangunan including to reproduce, distribute and sell this journal to public.</p> Analisis Kinerja dan Strategi Perdagangan Indonesia-MERCOSURE https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jekp/article/view/30169 <p>Indonesia telah menjalin berbagai hubungan kerjasama dengan negara-negara Amerika Latin. Berbagai upaya penjajakan kerjasama terus dilakukan, diantaranya dengan MERCOSUR (terdiri dari Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, dan Uruguay). Negara-negara anggota MERCOSUR merupakan pasar potensial untuk produk ekspor Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini: (1) mengidentifikasi kinerja perdagangan Indonesia-MERCOSUR, (2) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi ekspor Indonesia ke MERCOSUR, dan (3) merumuskan strategi kerjasama perdagangan Indonesia-MERCOSUR. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah: Analisis deskriptif kualitatif, <em>Gravity Model</em> dan Analisis SWOT. Kinerja perdagangan Indonesia- MERCOSUR, menunjukkan nilai ekspor impor Indonesia dengan MERCOSUR masih kecil dibandingkan dengan negara-negara pesaing. Tarif impor yang diberlakukan oleh negara-negara MERCOSUR terhadap produk-produk utama Indonesia masih relatif tinggi, sebaliknya tarif impor yang diberlakukan oleh Indonesia terhadap produk-produk utama MERCOSUR relatif rendah. Hasil estimasi <em>Gravity Model </em>menunjukkan ekspor Indonesia ke MERCOSUR dipengaruhi secara positif dan hanya signifikan oleh GDP negara-negara MERCOSUR.&nbsp; Rekomendasi strategi kerjasama perdagangan yang dihasilkan yaitu: (a) mengoptimalkan kemampuan Indonesia memenuhi pasar MERCOSUR terutama pada produk seperti: kelapa sawit, karet, onderdil kendaraan bermotor, serat buatan, alas kaki, kelapa dan tembakau, (b) meningkatkan kerjasama secara intensif kepada negara-negara MERCOSUR dalam bentuk <em>Free Trade Area</em> (FTA), (c) memperbaiki stuktur tarif dan hambatan non tarif antara Indonesia- MERCOSUR. dan (d) meningkatkan diplomasi ekonomi Indonesia-MERCOSUR.</p> Hastuti Siregar Wibowo Anda Nugroho Dea Amanda Copyright (c) 2021 JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2021-08-27 2021-08-27 8 2 101 119 10.29244/jekp.8.2.2019.101-119 Analisis Pengaruh Kredit terhadap Efisiensi Usahatani Padi di Pulau Jawa https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jekp/article/view/29506 <p><em>Efforts to increase rice productivity through extensification are increasingly difficult, so production efficiency becomes an important alternative. This paper aims to estimate the determinants of production factors and level of efficiency of rice farmers and the impact of access to credit, credit of formal and semiformal financial institutions on technical inefficiencies of rice farmers. Cross section data from 9,127 farmers in Java was obtained from the Survey (Rumah Tangga Usaha Tanaman Padi 2014). Analytical method used is stochastic frontier production function to analyze production and technical efficiency, dual frontier cost function to estimate allocative and economic efficiency and technical inefficiency function to reveal the effect of credit. The result is farmers on Java island have been technically efficient but not allocatively and economically efficient yet. Farmers who receive credit, credit from formal financial institutions and semiformal institutions are more efficient than non-credit farmers. </em></p> Darwis Abubakar lukytawati Anggraeni Anna Fariyanti Copyright (c) 2021 JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 8 2 120 144 10.29244/jekp.8.2.2019.120-144 Analisis Pengaruh Infrastruktur terhadap Perdagangan dan Keberhasilan Integrasi Ekonomi Indonesia Ke ASEAN+3 https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jekp/article/view/29477 <p><em>Export and import from Indonesia to ASEAN+3 countries reached 52.3% and 62.37% of the total trade of Indonesia to the world. Infrastructure played a vital role in supporting successful trade. During the period 2007-2017, loading and discharging flows of Indonesian goods were dominated by sea transportations modes by 96%. Indonesia's infrastructure is far lower than other ASEAN+3 countries especially marine infrastructure and the internet users. The purpose of this study is to describe Indonesia's trade with ASEAN+3 countries, to the determinant that influence Indonesia’s trade into the ASEAN+3 and to analyze the success ratio of Indonesia to ASEAN+3.</em><em> This study is using descriptive analysis, gravity model and success ratio method. </em><em>This study is using descriptive analysis, gravity model and success ratio method. The variables used in this study are the gross domestic product per capita, economic distance, air transport</em> <em>freight, container port traffic, internet user and mobile phone. The results show that Indonesia's highest export - import is with China. ATF has no significant effect on both export and import, while other variables give a significant positive effect except GDP per capita that has a significant negative effect to export. The success of economic integration for Indonesia's exports and imports into the ASEAN+3 region has not been fully achieved.</em></p> Piety Yusyahbella Arief Daryanto Tanti Novianti Copyright (c) 2021 JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 8 2 145 162 10.29244/jekp.8.2.2019.145-162 Indonesia Pengaruh Investasi terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Regional di Indonesia https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jekp/article/view/32768 <p><em>Investment is one of the driving factors for economy. Investment form are Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Domestic Investment (DI). The Jokowi-JK government launched 16 economic policy packages that is expected to increase investment both Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Domestic Investment (DI) for each region in Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the factors that influence investment both PMA and PMDN as well as the influence of PMA and PMDN on regional economic growth in Indonesia. This study uses data of panel data of 34 provinces in Indonesia during 2015-2018. The method used in this research to descriptive and quantitative analysis in the form of panel data using the Fixed Effect Model (FEM). The results show that economic growth, the rate of economic growth, export-import and the workforce were proven to influence foreign direct investment and domestic investment. In addition, FDI, domestic investment, labor force and exports have a positive and significant effect on economic growth while imports have a negative but not significant effect. The government needs to&nbsp; to minimize imbalances in economic growth, export-import, labor force and stabilize the rate of economic growth to increase FDI and domestic investment in each region in Indonesia. FDI and DI are expected to be directed to the potential sectors of each region in Indonesia. </em></p> Tri Handayani Murti Sahara . Copyright (c) 2021 JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2021-08-27 2021-08-27 8 2 163 181 10.29244/jekp.8.2.2019.163-181 Analisis Kinerja Ekspor alas kaki Indonesia ke kawasan ASEAN https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jekp/article/view/29895 <p>The main export of Indonesian footwear is to the United States and several countries in Europe, while for the nearest region to Indonesia, such as ASEAN, the export value of Indonesian footwear is quite low. This study aims to analyze the competitiveness and performance of Indonesian footwear exports to the ASEAN region in 2010-2014. The partner countries in this study are Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Brunei Darussalam. &nbsp;Competitiveness analysis is carried out using Revealed Comparative Advantages (RCA), Porter's Diamond, and Export Product Dynamic (EPD) indicators. The results of the RCA analysis show that Indonesian footwear has competitiveness in all countries except for Malaysia. The results of the Porter's Diamond model show that Indonesia has strong competitiveness in the footwear sector. The results of the EPD analysis show that the footwear export to the majority of partner countries are in falling star criteria. Furthermore, the analysis of footwear exports performance to the ASEAN region is carried out using the Gravity Model. The results of the analysis show that all variables significantly affect the footwear export performance. Indonesia's GDP per capita, economic distance, and export prices have negative effect on export performance, while GDP per capita of partner countries has positive effect. Exchange rate depreciation has positive impact on improving export performance.</p> Widya Nadira Nasution Sri Mulatsih Copyright (c) 2021 JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2021-09-27 2021-09-27 8 2 182 204 10.29244/jekp.8.2.2019.182-204