Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/admingizipangan/COVER_LUAR_JGP-_Juli_2017-931.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"><em><strong>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </strong></em>-in English translate to Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food- is the official publication of The Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia in collaboration with the Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology (FEMA), Bogor Agricultural University. This journal focuses its’ main research in the fields of nutrition and food. Scientific peer-reviewed articles are published routine, three times per year on March, July and November. According to the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Decree Number 12/M/Kp/II/2015, the Journal of Nutrition and Food is <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BzgZ-1oM5jwVQzgxSi1LMEZ3Sm8/view" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ACCREDITED</strong></a>&nbsp;since February 11th 2015 (including the issue number submitted in the accreditation process starting from&nbsp;Volume 7, Number 2, July 2012).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">The <em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em>&nbsp;has been indexed in&nbsp;<strong>Clarivate Analytics products (Emerging Sources Citation Index), DOAJ, Science and Technology Index (SINTA), Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),&nbsp;</strong><strong>Google Scholar,&nbsp;</strong>and other scientific databases.&nbsp;The Journal&nbsp;also used Similarity Check to prevent any suspected plagiarism in the manuscripts.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">The <em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> has a competent Board of Editors in the fields of nutritional and food sciences. The board consists of a variety of institutions related in food and nutrition. This Journal is managed with high commitment despite the number of challenges that are faced. The Editorial team welcomes lecturers, researchers and other scientists to publish their scientific articles here in Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1180425503&amp;1&amp;&amp;">P-ISSN: 1978-1059&nbsp;</a> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1414463903">E-ISSN: 2407-0920</a></p> Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia en-US Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 1978-1059 <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following this term:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors submitting manuscripts should understand and agree that the copyright of manuscripts of the article shall be assigned/transferred to<em> Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </em>(Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food). The statement to release the copyright to<em> Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </em>(Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food) is stated in Authors Statement Letter. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA) where Authors and Readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.</p> Validation of Iron-Food Frequency Questionnaire for Assessing Iron Intake in Women of Reproductive Age: A Cross-Sectional Study on Female Undergraduate Students in Indonesia https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/35043 <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study is to develop and assess the validity of the Iron-Food Frequency Questionnaire (Iron-FFQ) in assessing the iron intake of reproductive age women. This cross-sectional study involved randomly selected female undergraduate students at Jantinangor, Sumedang district, West Java (n=94) as respondents. The validity test compared the iron intake using Iron-FFQ with the 3-Days Food Diary (FD). The iron contents of each food from both methods were obtained from Indonesian Food Composition Table (2017). Iron contents were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed rank test and Spearman’s rank correlation. The results showed significant correlation in iron content between Iron FFQ and the 3 Days FD with r=0.25 for the tubers, nuts, and vegetables group, and r=0.21 for milk and fish (p&lt;0.05). While, statistically non-significant correlations were found for the rest of the food groups (cereal, meat, poultry, eggs, fruits, fats, sugar, syrup, confectionary, and spices) with r ranged from r=0.19 to r=0.01. The average assessment value using Iron-FFQ was lower than the 3-Days Food Diary, especially in the food and beverages group (-100%), sugar, syrup, and confectionary (-93.8%), and vegetables (-88.5%). In conclusion, Iron-FFQ can be declared valid for measuring iron intake from some food group such as starchy tubers, fish, shellfish and shrimp, nuts, vegetables, and milk as they have an acceptable correlation value.</p> Dimas Erlangga Luftimas Ardya Lucita Siska Wiramihardja Viramitha Kusnandi Rusmil Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 16 2 63 70 10.25182/jgp.2021.16.2.63-70 Field Trial of Local Nutrition Plans and Programs Monitoring and Evaluation Protocol in the Philippines https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/33750 <p style="text-align: justify;">The field trial was conducted to establish the reliability in producing similar results between evaluators of the proposed new tools for Monitoring and Evaluation (M&amp;E) of the nutrition plans and programs in the Local Government Units (LGUs). To do this, orientation activities were conducted to familiarize the 46 M&amp;E team (MET) members evaluating the provincial, municipal, city, and barangay levels in two regions with the proposed tools during the field trial. After the event, the perceptions of the MET members of the tools were gathered by asking them to rate the tools through a self-administered questionnaire, and by noting their written and verbal commentaries about the proposed system. During the field trial, each MET member, as well as the member of the Project Team (PT), individually evaluated the LGUs using<br>the tools. Secondary data on the LGUs performance scores using the old system were also gathered. The MET members’ perception was examined based on the median rank of their ratings and content analysis of their insights about the tools, whereas the reliability of the tools was assessed based on the interrater reliability of the MET members’ scores for the LGUs analyzed through paired samples t-Test, Pearson correlation coefficient, intraclass correlation coefficient, and technical error of measurement. The weighted scores of the MET and PT members were also compared. Moreover, the difference in the generated scores between the old and the new system was determined. The findings revealed that the MET members generally have a positive perception of the new system but raised some issues and concerns. Although the reliability of the tools was generally observed, actions are warranted for improvement. The tools generated statistically different scores when used by MET and PT members, and when compared to the existing system. Steps should be taken to improve the reliability of the proposed tools.</p> Leila S Africa Nancy A. Tandang Ma. Theresa M. T. Talavera Nelson Jose Vincent B. Querijero Wilfredo B. Carada Kristine V. Montecillo Angelina R. Bustos Aileen R. De Juras Mayo Grace C. Amit Hygeia Ceres Catalina B. Gawe Jasmine Anne F. Tandingan Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 16 2 71 80 10.25182/jgp.2021.16.2.71-80 Factors Associated with Stunting among 24–35-Month-Old Kalinga Indigenous Children in Pinukpuk, Kalinga, Philippines: A Case-Control Study https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/33748 <p style="text-align: justify;">The study identified the risk factors associated with stunting among 24.35 months indigenous children in Pinukpuk, Kalinga using case control design; 174 children (87 cases and 87 controls) were randomly selected and information were collected through interview and anthropometric measurements. Odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were used to measure association. Low birth weight, child drinking brewed or commercial coffee, no nutrient supplement intake since birth, and incomplete immunization were child risk factors of stunting. Exclusive breastfeeding from 0.6 months and weaning at &gt;12 months have protective effect. Antenatal visits &lt;4 times, fatherfs height &lt;5 feet, parentfs education below secondary level were parental risk factors. Nuclear household and size of less than five members have protective effect against stunting. Having food restrictions among lactating mothers was cultural risk factors. Mothersf insufficient knowledge on exclusive breastfeeding, frequency of and proper way of breastfeeding, continuance of breastfeeding beyond 6 months, benefit of exclusive breastfeeding for six months to mothers and low self-confidence in preparing complementary food were all associated with stunting. Motherfs positive attitude on benefits of frequent feeding was found to have protective effect against stunting. Thus, these family factors could be used when designing an action plan to address the problem of stunting among the indigenous Kalinga children.</p> Marites B Piniliw Leila S. Africa Jaidee P. Agne Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 16 2 81 90 10.25182/jgp.2021.16.2.81-90 Child Development and Nutritional Status of Children Under Five: A Cross-Sectional Study of a Fishermen Community in Terengganu, Malaysia https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/35499 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to determine child development, nutritional status and the association between child development and nutritional status. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 60 fishermen’s children under five years old in selected districts in Terengganu. All respondents were assisted by their mothers during the assessment. Child development was evaluated through the Denver II Development Screening Test. Nutritional status was determined via the anthropometry assessment (BMI-for-age and height-for-age). Preponderantly, the prevalence of suspected development delay of children under-five in Terengganu was 31.7%. The prevalence of suspected delay for language, fine motor-adaptive, and personal-social skills were 15.0%, 1.7%, and 16.7%, respectively. BMI-for-age z-score and height for age z-score of these children were -1.62±1.23 and -0.27±1.41, respectively, indicating a normal range; nonetheless, there were still children that were wasted (23.3%), severely wasted (13.3%), stunted (5.0%), severely stunted (1.7%), and at risk of being overweight (1.7%). However, the chi square test showed there was no association found between child development and nutritional status, BMI-for-age and height-for-age (p&gt;0.001), among fishermen’s children under-five in this study. The nutritional status had no effect on the development of these fishermen's children, but may have been influenced by other factors such as stimulating surroundings, parenting abilities, and culture.</p> Badriah Aisyah Bahtiar Asma' Ali Hayati Mohd Yusof Khairil Shazmin Kamarudin Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 16 2 91 100 10.25182/jgp.2021.16.2.91-100 Sauropus androgynus, Papaya Leaves, and Mung Beans as Mixed Galactagogue Drink for Urban Postpartum Mothers https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/35635 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study explored the effect of Sauropus androgynus, papaya leaves, and mung beans as mixed galactagogue drinks on breastmilk volume, frequency, and duration among urban postpartum mothers in Jakarta. A quasi-experimental study with 60 postpartum mothers divided in intervention and control groups was conducted. The intervention group was administered with a 400-cc traditional galactagogue drink daily within 4 weeks of postpartum, while the control group received 3 times breastfeeding counselling. The breastmilk volume was measured using the evaporative water loss method on mothers’ weight at the first, second, third-, and fourth-week consumption. The mean difference of breastmilk volume, breastfeeding frequency, and duration between the intervention and control groups was calculated by bivariate analysis using an independent sample t-test. The breastmilk volume was not different between both groups on the first and second week (1st:622.93±289.24 and 507.68±231.28, p=0.094; 2nd:683.00±252.42 and 582.58±225.42, p=0.110), however, the intervention group had higher volume than the control group in the third and fourth week (3rd:801.43±273.35 and 656.24±214.43, p=0.026; 4th=908.52±271.27 and 756.69±196.29, p=0.016). No significant difference was observed in the breastfeeding frequency and duration among the groups. In conclusion, the new galactagogue mixed drink consumption has the potential to increase breastmilk production and enhance a mother’s confidence to continue breastfeeding.</p> Iskari Ngadiarti Lina Agestika Mia Srimiati Adhila Fayasari Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 16 2 101 108 10.25182/jgp.2021.16.2.101-108 Development of Functional Beverage with Antioxidant Properties using Germinated Red Rice and Tempeh Powder Mixture https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/33799 <p style="text-align: justify;">The objectives of this study were to develop a functional beverage containing Germinated Red Rice (GRR) and tempeh powders and analyze the total soluble phenolic content, phenolics profile, in vitro antioxidant activity, and sensory evaluation. A mixture of GRR and tempeh powder at 1:2, 1:1, and 2:1 w/w ratios were mixed with water at 6% w/v concentration. The total soluble phenolic content and the antioxidant activity of the samples increased significantly (p&lt;0.05) with the increasing level of GRR powder and the decreasing level of tempeh powder, whereas 2:1 w/w ratio of GRR and tempeh powder showed the highest total soluble phenolic content (79.79±12.10 ìg/ml GAE) and in vitro antioxidant activity (68.84±1.56%). However, a control beverage containing only GRR powder and only tempeh powder had the highest and lowest total soluble phenolic content and antioxidant activity, respectively. Ferulic acid was detected in all samples containing GRR, while daidzein was not detected and genistein was only detected in 1:2 and 1:1 sample ratios. All formulated samples in lemongrass sugar solution were accepted by the panelists (score 5 out of 7). In conclusion, GRR was responsible to increase the total soluble phenolic content and antioxidant activity of the beverage. A loss of isoflavone in the tempeh-containing beverage samples suggested that optimizing the dose and processing method were important to achieve the optimum health benefits of the ingredients.</p> Widya Agustinah Joshua Yuandi Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 16 2 109 118 10.25182/jgp.2021.16.2.109-118 Maternal and Cord Blood Saturated Fatty Acid Level and Infant Adiposity https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/35523 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to assess SFAs profiles in the maternal and cord blood, and the relationship of both SFAs levels with infant adiposity. As many as 99 mothers with singleton pregnancy and pre-pregnancy BMI .18.5 agreed to join the research and completed the data collection process. Maternal and cord blood erythrocyte SFAs profile was analyzed using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionized Detector. Infant birth weight was measured at birth, while infant skinfolds were at 5.7 days postpartum. We used Aris et al. (2013) equation to assess the infant fat mass. The average maternal age was 29.62}5.84 years old, while the pre-pregnancy BMI was 22.87}3.90 kg/m2. Infant birth weight was 3168.83}341.64 g, and fat mass was 9.39}3.52 %. Maternal total SFAs and palmitic acid (C16:0) concentration were higher than cord blood, while lignoceric acid (C24:0) was lower (p&lt;0.05). Increased maternal caproic (C6:0), capric (C10:0), and lauric acids (C12:0) were associated with higher infant adiposity (p&lt;0.05). Total SFAs, palmitic (C16:0), stearic (C18:0), and behenic acids (C22:0) in cord blood were negatively associated with infant adiposity (p&lt;0.05). Elevated lauric (C12:0) and myristic (C14:0) acids in cord blood were associated with greater adiposity. In conclusion, we found a different SFAs profile between maternal blood during the third trimester of pregnancy and cord blood. Increased maternal caproic, capric, and lauric acids as well as cord bloodfs lauric and palmitic acids contribute to greater infant adiposity.</p> Yustiyani Kusen Faisal Anwar Mira Dewi Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 16 2 119 128 10.25182/jgp.2021.16.2.119-128