Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr <p>Journal of Management &amp; Agribusiness (JMA) publishes articles in agribusiness management &nbsp;fields such as agribusiness competitiveness, value chain of agribusiness, supply chain of agribusiness, and strategic agribusiness issues. JMA is published by School of Business,&nbsp;Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB) associated with Indonesian Society of Agricultural&nbsp;Economics (PERHEPI/ISAE). JMA was first published at the beginning of 2004 with twice per year in frequency on march and october. Since 2012, JMA has been published three times per year on March, July and November. Editor receives articles of empirical research and reviews in agribusiness management.</p> <p>JMA is a peer reviewed journal that has been <strong>Accredited&nbsp;</strong>by Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE), Republic of Indonesia No 12/M/Kp/IE/2015 which is valid for 5 (five) years since enacted on 11 May 2015. Base on&nbsp;Directorate General of Research and Development Strengthening, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia No 30/E/KPT/2018 JMA get <strong>ranked 2 accredited (SINTA 2)</strong>&nbsp;status.</p> <p>JMA has been registered in <strong>Crossref (since 2015), ACI - ASEAN Citation Index, DOAJ, Indonesian Publication Index (IPI), SINTA Rank 2, Google Scholar, </strong>and other scientific databases.&nbsp;</p> <p>Editors can revise the paper without changing the substance and content after a blind review process. The articles sent by the author must be an original script and is not being considered for publication by other journal or publishers.</p> <p>P-ISSN: <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1180428118&amp;1&amp;&amp;">1693-5853</a><br>E-ISSN: <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1416204681&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2407-2524</a></p> <p>Download the <a href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=1FaIZjInXQQDJCaS7P0CI02MVrCTP6hjy">Submissions Guidelines&nbsp;</a> and <a href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=164hotGcBgjyCYEqC0SReLbOJmdqfNv1H" target="_self">Author Guidelines</a></p> <p>______________________________________________________________</p> <p><strong><span style="color: blue;"><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;<strong><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;</strong> JMA started in 2018 only&nbsp;receives articles&nbsp;using english&nbsp;<strong><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;</strong><strong><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;</strong></span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="color: blue;">______________________________________________________</span></strong></p> School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB) en-US Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 1693-5853 <p><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;">Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</span></p><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a style="text-decoration: none !important; color: #3b5998 !important;" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a style="text-decoration: none !important; color: #3b5998 !important;" href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> Factors Influencing Consumers’ Purchasing Decisions Towards Pomelo Fruits (Citrus grandis) in Johor, Malaysia https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/36387 <p>Pomelo (Citrus grandis or Citrus maxima) is a tropical fruit from Rutaceae family has grown in Malaysia. These natural, non-hybrid citrus fruits originated from Southeast Asia and widely grown in Indonesia, China and Thailand (Morton, 1987; Scora, 1975). Commonly known as Limau Kepala Besar, Limau Bali (pomelo), Limau Tambun and Limau Besar Ledang, this fruit have four famous varieties such as Varieties PO51 (Shanting), Varieties PO52 (Tambun), Varieties PO55 (Limau Besar, Ledang) and Varieties PO56 (Melomas Variety) which can be found in the local and global markets. The aim of this research is to study the characteristics behind every purchasing decision through personal, socio-cultural and psychological factors of consumer. Data were collected using online questionnaire which a total of 100 forms were distributed around Johor, Malaysia. The data were analyzed to identify the relationship between respondent profiles and identify the most influential factors that show the relationship associations with consumer purchasing decisions on pomelo fruits. The results showed that personal, socio-cultural and psychological factors have influenced consumers’ decision-making process when buying the pomelo fruits.</p> Siti Fatimah Binti Misman Nurul Aisyah Binti Mohd Suhaimi Afnani Binti Alwi Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 113 113 10.17358/jma.18.2.113 Inclusive Business Models in Coffee Value Chain: Comparing Practical Evidence Between East Java and North Sumatera https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/36388 <p>This paper explores inclusive business practices by focusing on the relationship between investments for-profit and social impact for small-scale farmers. Value chain mapping was used and combined with business model canvas to enable fact-finding and linkage between profit-taking action and social impact in the coffee value chain. The study was performed in two regions: East Java and North Sumatra. The study interviewed 72 farmers from Bondowoso District, East Java, and 30 farmers from Mandailing Natal District, North Sumatra. The qualitative analysis revealed the role of local organization networks in supporting the extension and improving performance in value chain governance. The organization networks supported social issues and provided access to diverse resources and environments for companies to build commitments. Furthermore, the business model canvas modeled value propositions that were practically tackling the dimensions of profit and social impact to the organization's context. The coffee value chains in both regions were differ based on key features and elements of small farmers' inclusion in the coffee value chain. The findings show that the coffee business model in Mandailing Natal encouraged smallholder farmer inclusion better than in Bondowoso. Therefore, the study implies that a shifting from profit into social initiatives in inclusive business is needed. This study provides practical evidence of business model canvas in the coffee value chain cases, showing how to develop a mission social innovation in a profit organization.</p> <p>Keywords: inclusive business models, business model canvas, value chain, coffee</p> Heti Mulyati Dikky Indrawan Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 122 122 10.17358/jma.18.2.122 Business Model Development of a Fresh Milk Agro-Industry in Rural Areas https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/35084 <p>This research aims to identify several business models of fresh milk agro-industry that are emerging in rural areas, as well as factors that influence agro-industry development, and establish a dairy agro-industry business model framework. The case study method used in this research consists of an agro-industry with business models and cooperatives. According to the finding of this research, there are seven supporting factors that influence the growth of the fresh milk agro-industry in rural areas, that are; (1) organizational structure, (2) fresh milk handling operations, (3) technology application for production activities, (4) training of employees and breeders, (5) product marketing strategies, (6) product quality and quality assurance, (7) company actor’s innovation. These seven factors can be determined using the weight ratio to assess the value of each factor that influences the development of the fresh milk agro-industry in rural areas, namely business management (0.2641), raw material handling (0.1510), and quality assurance (0.1347). The importance of the decision is a crucial factor in the development of the dairy agro-industry in rural areas. In rural areas, the fresh milk agro-industry business model is a cooperative form of business, as well as a business model that incorporates both private and cooperative business practices. The more varied the business models examined, the stronger the fresh milk agro-industrial business model system would be. Since they help small-scale milk farmers in rural areas market their products, regional milk cooperatives are still the best business model to use.</p> <p>Keywords: business model, BMC (Business Model Canvas), cross-case analysis, fresh milk agro-industry, multiple case study</p> Hanik Atus Sangadah Machfud Machfud Elisa Anggraeni Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 131 131 10.17358/jma.18.2.131 Analysis of Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) on Retail Prices of Medium Rice and Red Chili in Java https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/35630 <p>Research using a global regression model might not be appropriate to find out the factors that influence strategic food prices based on spatial characteristics. To analyze the spatial effect, Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) was employed. GWR models are better than OLS, which is indicated by the higher R2 GWR and lower AIC values. The GWR analysis provides the following findings: (1) the wholesale price most influential on the retail price of medium rice and red chili both during the main harvest and non-harvest periods; (2) the harvest pattern results in the effect of production and producer prices on the retail prices of the major harvest and non-harvest periods. Management of inter-regional distribution must be carried out to maintain supply stability and disparity in food prices between regions; (3) producer prices are integrated with trader prices in the district of production centers and surrounding areas while the integration of food prices at the consumer level occurs in the main economic center area of the region. These aspects have different effects for each region and district because the estimated parameters can be positive or negative. Testing during the harvest season (April) and non-harvest can also produce estimates that vary according to the specific characteristics of each location.</p> <p>Keywords: spatial analysis, Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR), retail prices, wholesale price, spatial distribution patterns</p> Jan Piter Sinaga Agung Hendriadi Muhammad Firdaus Akhmad Fauzi Idha Widi Arsanti Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 144 144 10.17358/jma.18.2.144 Crafting Design Strategy on Seaweed Industry in Indonesia https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/37004 <p>The global demand for seaweed is expected to increase in the coming years due to new product development using seaweed. There are many benefits of seaweed such as pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food industries, textiles, paper, and bioenergy production. On the other hand, Indonesia, as the archipelago country with the second-longest coastline after Canada, is expected to achieve competitiveness so Indonesia benefit more from the seaweed industry. This study aims to get the landscape of the seaweed industry and to select strategies. The strategies are designed using the Structural Equation Modelling Method – Partial Least Square (SEM – PLS). The findings of this study are the competitive advantage of Indonesia's carrageenan-producing seaweed industry using descriptive statistical methods through the perception model show considered weak. The three main parameters of concern are assessed as low-cost leadership, ability to increase export value and self-sufficiency in meeting the needs of domestic seaweed. The analysis also shows that the influence of innovation and stakeholder support on increasing the competitive advantage of Indonesia's carrageenan-producing seaweed industry is considered significant. Innovation is represented by the latent variable attributes of innovation, communication channels and the role of change agents, which are concluded to have a significant effect both directly and indirectly on the industry's competitive advantage.</p> <p>Keywords: seaweed industry, competitiveness, carrageenan, innovation, SEM-PLS, stakeholder support</p> Muhammad Gunawan Sani Saputro Nunung Nuryartono Bustanul Arifin Nimmi Zulbainarni Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 156 156 10.17358/jma.18.2.156 Impacts of Aggregator Business on Farmers’ Income https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/36491 <p>Agricultural produces pass a long journey from the farms up to the end consumers. With the advancement of information technology, aggregator businesses have emerged to shorten the long distribution chain. Therefore, farmers as producers can access information both on prices received by consumers and the characteristics of products demanded by consumers. This study aims to (1) explain the distribution chain mechanism through the aggregator business, and (2) analyze the impact on farmers who join the aggregator business distribution chain. There were 12 aggregator businesses and 36 farmers were interviewed as respondents from February to April 2019 using the purposive sampling method. The analysis was conducted using a descriptive approach and a paired sample t-test was carried out to see the impact of the existence of an aggregator on farmers. The results showed that the distribution chain through the aggregator business was shorter compared to the conventional one in which farmers had specific contracts or agreements with the aggregator business. The impact on farmers who join the aggregator business distribution chain is receiving higher prices, leading to increase farmers' income, transparency in prices where farmers know the selling prices at the consumer level, and farmers know consumer preferences for the products. It is expected that farmers will be able to produce better agricultural produces according to consumer preferences as well as to increase farmers' income.</p> <p>Keywords: distribution chain, price, product preferences, transparency</p> Siti Jahroh Janita S. Meliala Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 168 168 10.17358/jma.18.2.168 The Implementation of Flexibility Strategy on Agricultural Commodity Financing With Warehouse Receipt System https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/34487 <p>The implementation of warehouse receipt financing system for agriculture commodities has not been successfully developed in Indonesia, some constraints are hindering the system to grow. Flexibility strategy is conceptually applicable to minimize gaps in the system to its environment. This research was conducted to determine an adaptive warehouse receipt financing system using strategic flexibility. The research was carried out by ways in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with respondents with knowledge of or experience in warehouse receipt financing systems for commodities such as coffee, pepper, rice and maize. Analysis was done using Soft System Methodology (SSM) and Interpretive Structural Model (ISM) analysis to define conceptual models of flexibility strategy applied in warehouse receipt financing systems. The research findings, flexibility strategy is applicable in the warehouse receipt financing system: applying resource flexibility on input side to select the most efficient material to develop the product, applying resource and coordination flexibility in internal process to optimize internal processing, applying internal resources and coordinating flexibility on output distribution to expand the market and applying coordination flexibility to respond external condition. However, applying a flexibility strategy to respond externally was found to be the most suitable to adapt agriculture commodities financing on warehouse receipt system to its environment.</p> <p>Keywords: agricultural commodities, financing constraints, flexibility strategy, warehouse receipt system</p> Karmex Siadari M.Syamsul Maarif Bustanul Arifin Zulkifli Rangkuti Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 177 177 10.17358/jma.18.2.177 Strategy to Increase The Competitiveness of National Salt in Indonesia https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/37014 <p>Salt is a strategic commodity and political commodity in Indonesia. However, during the research period, namely in 2015-2019, the national salt production has not been able to meet the demand for salt. This has resulted in national salt consumption still being dependent on imports. This results in a potential dependence on imported salt which can hamper the competitiveness of domestic salt. Local people are increasingly cornered and find it difficult to be competitive. This study aims to analyze the competitiveness of the national salt industry and formulate efforts to increase the competitiveness of the national salt industry. The method used in this research is the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and Revealed Symmetric Comparative Advantage (RSCA) analysis and the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method which is one of the analytical tools used to assist managerial decision-makers. The data used in this study are primary data in the form of interviews and questionnaires and secondary data obtained from literature studies. The results showed that the salt commodity was not competitive. This is because Indonesia's salt commodity does not have a comparative advantage.</p> <p>Keywords: AHP, competitiveness, salt industry, RCA, strategy</p> Arif Haendra M. Syamsul Maarif Joko Affandi Anggraini Sukmawati Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 193 193 10.17358/jma.18.2.193 Learning Organization in Determining Supply Chain Performance https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/35822 <p>Most learning organization studies have focused on enhancing the organization’s performance. However, learning organization extends beyond knowledge management that makes the organization more adaptable and more responsive to the challenges of a fast-changing business environment. The application of a learning organization is an alternative step for companies to be able to face the challenges of the fast-changing business environment. This paper aims to identify the effect of learning organizations on supply chain performance. This study adds the effect of transformational leadership as a variable that affects the comprehensive understanding of learning organizations to gain a. Structural Equation Modelling – Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) was used to reveal that learning organization has no significant impact on supply chain performance. However, learning organization affected supply chain driver. The Supply chain driver has a positive and significant impact on supply chain performance. Leadership style has a positive and significant impact on learning organization. Organization can make better decisions on choosing facilities more efficiently, managing supplies efficiently and be can use the information itself to increase profits by implementing learning organization.</p> <p>Keywords: learning organization, SEM-PLS, supply chain performance, leadership, supply chain driver</p> Khairul Ikhwan Budi Rahardjo Shinta Ratnawati Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 205 205 10.17358/jma.18.2.205 Analysis of Resilience Priorities for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Deli Serdang District https://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/34993 <p>The COVID-19 virus pandemic during 2020 has become the material for research &amp; investigation in building a priority model for the resilience of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). The purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence on the resilience of MSMEs in coastal, urban and Plateau agricultural areas in Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatra Province (PSU). Data collection techniques in this study are secondary data collection (the income and production aspects of one-quarter of MSME during the COVID-19 pandemic which is calculated by averages and regional positions), observation and interviews. The analysis technique used is the Analysis Hierarchy Process. The results show the trend of MSME resilience in the aspects of income and production, researchers who get production value always experience a general decline, so that prioritization in decision making in MSME resilience becomes a solution for decision-makers, product packaging, distribution networks and the need for agricultural and food products are priorities major for the community. Dissemination and guidance on awareness using a marketing model through social media for MSME actors has an impact on changing thinking and income, and the role of all decision-makers in obtaining information as an effective workflow and policy to build sustainable small and medium industries amid the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> <p>Keywords: agribusiness, analysis hierarchy process, north sumatera, resilience of small and medium enterprise</p> Satria Tirtayasa Januri Hazmanan Khair R.S. Kartaatmaja Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 18 2 215 215 10.17358/jma.18.2.215