Daya Saing Ekspor Ikan Tuna-Cakalang-Tongkol Indonesia di Pasar Amerika Serikat

Export Competitiveness of Indonesian Tunas-Skipjack Tunas-Eastern Littles Tunas in The United States of America’s Market

  • Toni Rudi Hartanto Departemen Agribisnis FEM IPB University, Direktorat Jenderal Penguatan Daya Saing Produk Kelautan dan Perikanan
  • Suharno Suharno Departemen Agribisnis, FEM IPB University
  • Burhanuddin Burhanuddin Departemen Agribisnis, FEM IPB University
Keywords: export product dynamic, great pelagic, revealed comparative advantage

Abstract

Exports of Indonesian fishery resources are always increasing. The ministry targets the export of fishery resources of US$ 7.13–8.00 billion in 2022-2024. Tuna-Cakalang-Tongkol (TCT) is a large pelagic fish group that has great potential and plays an important role in global tuna fisheries. Indonesia is the world's largest producer of TCT, with catches reaching 1.3 million tonnes (20.06% of world production). With the largest production of TCT in the world, Indonesia ranks 3rd under Thailand and Vietnam in TCT exports to the USA. Indonesia's TCT exports to the USA can still be increased by upgrading the competitiveness of Indonesian TCTs. To increase the competitiveness of Indonesian TCTs in the USA market, it is necessary to know the current competitive position of Indonesian TCTs. The purpose of this study is to determine the competitiveness and position of Indonesian TCT competitiveness in the US market. The data used in analyzing competitiveness is secondary data within the last 20 years (2000-2019). Indonesia's TCT export competitiveness is analyzed by Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA). The position of export competitiveness analyzed by Export Product Dynamic (EPD). TCT Indonesia has comparative competitiveness in the USA market because the average RCA value is 13.68 per year (RCA>1) with positive growth and is in a rising star position. This means that TCT Indonesia have a good share of the export market that is growing dynamically in the USA market.

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Published
2021-08-23