The Potency of Azotobacter spp.Isolated from Tidal Land of South Kalimantan to Produce Indole Acetic Acids (IAA)
AbstractTidal land area is considered as the most frigile ecosystems. To open this area as agricultural land has to be done
carefully. To reduce the risk of declining the environmental quality of tidal swa,,!p area due to the agricultural activity, lhe
area should be managed properly and Wisely especially when using agrochemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides. In
relation to this, the use of biofertilizer such as Azotobacter spp, a nitrogen fIXing bacterium and IAA producer, might be
important thingfor this area.
The aims of this experiments was to study the ability of Azotobacter isolated from rice' rhizophere grown in tidal
swamp area of South Kalimantan, in producing IAA to stimulate the growth of roots of rice cultivar I R-64. The parameters
used to evaluate the effect of Azotobacter inoculation were the increase of the surface area of root, length of roots, total
length of roots, fresh, dry weight of rice IR-64 roots and the growth of root hairs.
The results showed that Azotobacter produced less IAA in the media containing Urea (18.28-35.54 ppm IAA) compared
to Azotobacter grown in media without Urea (33.89 - 42.01 ppm IAA). Azotobacter T.M. UNST.3 produced the highest IAA
(42.01 ppm), therefore they were able to increase the surface of roots, increase the length and weight of roots of rice cultivar
IR-64 compared to other Azotobacter strains. In media containing Urea, Azotobacter RG 3.62 produced the least IAA (/8.29 ppm IAA) compared to other Azotobacter strains. However, this particular Azotobacter strain was able to increase the surface area of root, increased the number of root hairs compared to other strains.
Department of Soil Science and Land Resources Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan, Faculty of Agriculture Fakultas Pertanian, IPB University