Environmentally Friendly Rice Farmer Empowerment for Sustainable Food Security in Banten Province

  • Asih Mulyaningsih Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
  • Suherna Suherna Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University
  • Gugun Gunawan Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University
Keywords: Empowerment, Environtmentally Friendly, Lowland Rice

Abstract

Empowerment is a key factor in accentuating the role of farmer communities as the main actors in managing the cultivation of Indonesian staple food, that is, rice. This study was intended to analyze the factors influencing the empowerment of farmers to manage environmentally friendly lowland rice production for sustainable agricultural development in Banten Province. With a descriptive design, this research collected data through a questionnaire survey involving 180 respondents, sampled from a predefined population of rice farmers. It was carried out in three regencies in the province, namely Serang, Pandeglang, and Lebak, for three months from April to June 2019. The data were analyzed using statistical inference, SEM, in LISREL 8.73 (Linear Structural Relationships). The results showed that the empowerment of lowland rice farmers to adopt eco-friendly innovation was determined by individual characteristics (i.e., non-formal and formal educational attainment and cosmopolitanism) and the existence of encouragement to implement the innovation (i.e., support from farmer community, market support, and technological information support). In conclusion, to increase the empowerment of rice farmers in the scheme of sustainable food security, farmers, government, and other relevant parties need to pay attention to the characteristics of innovation users and promote the adoption of eco-friendly practices in lowland rice cultivation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Suherna Suherna, Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University

Department of Agribusiness

Gugun Gunawan, Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University

Department of Agribusines

References

Agboola, A. F., Adekunle, I. A., & Ogunjimi, S. I. (2015). Assessment of youth participation in indigenous farm practices of vegetable production in Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 7(3), 73–79. https://doi.org/10.5897/jaerd2014.0590.

Ajala, A.O., Ogunjimi, S.I., Farinde, A.J. (2013). Assessment of Extension Service Delivery on Improved Cassava Technologies Among Cassava Farmers in Osun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research, 9(1–2), 71-80.

Anwas, O. M., Sumardjo, Asngari, P. S., & Tjitropranoto, P. (2010). Model of Competency Development Based on Media Utilization of Extension Worker. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 6(1), 1–10.

Ahuja, V. (2011). Cyber Extension : a Convergence of ICT and Agricultural Development. Global Media Journal, 2(2), 1–8.

Aminah, S., Sumardjo, Lubis, D. P., & Susanto, D. (2015). Factors affecting peasants’ empowerment in West Halmahera District – A case study from Indonesia. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, 116(1), 11–25.

Ariani, M. (2014). Analisis Konsumsi Pangan Tingkat Masyarakat Mendukung Pencapaian Diversifikasi Pangan. Gizi Indonesia, 33(1), 20–28. https://doi.org/10.36457/gizindo.v33i1.84

Astuti, M. (2012). Pemberdayaan Perempuan Miskin Berbasis Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Lokal Melalui Pendekatan Sosial Enterpreneurship (Studi Kasus di Daerah Tertinggal, Kabupaten Pasaman, Sumatera Barat). Jurnal Sosiokonsepsia, 17(03), 241–251.

Fatchiya, A. (2010). Tingkat Kapasitas Pembudidaya Ikan dalam Mengelola Usaha Akuakultur secara Berkelanjutan Fish Farmer Capacity to Manage of Aquabusiness Sustainability. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 6(1), 74–83. http://jai.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jupe/article/viewFile/10667/8240

Herawati, H., Hubeis, A. V., Amanah, S., & Fatchiya, A. (2018). Kapasitas Petani Padi Sawah Irigasi Teknis Dalam Menerapkan Prinsip Pertanian Ramah Lingkungan Di Sulawesi Tengah. Jurnal Pengkajian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian, 20(2), 155. https://doi.org/10.21082/jpptp.v20n2.2017.p155-170

Iryana, A. B. (2018). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Petani Dalam Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Hidup Di Kecamatan Compreng Kabupaten Subang. Jurnal Academia Praja, 1(02), 125–140. https://doi.org/10.36859/jap.v1i02.69

Jaya, M. N., Sarwoprasodjo, S., Hubeis, M., & Sugihen, B. G. (2017). Tingkat Keberdayaan Kelompok Tani pada Pengelolaan Usahatani Padi di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 13(2), 166. https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.15903

Las, I., Subagyono, K., Setiyanto, A. P., Besar, B., Dan, P., Sumberdaya, P., & Pertanian, L. (2006). Isu Dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Dalam Revitalisasi Pertanian Environmental Issues and Management in Agricultural Revitalization. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 25(3).

Mulyaningsih, A., & Sumantri, A. T. (2019). Empowerment of farmers in increasing production of environmentally friendly soybean plants: Case study in Pandeglang regency Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 383(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/383/1/012010

Mulyaningsih, A., Hubeis, A. V. S., & Sadono, D. (2018). Partisipasi petani pada usahatani padi, jagung, dan kedelai perspektif gender. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 14(1), 145–158. https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v14i1.18546

Musdalipah, M. (2018). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Tentang Swamedikasi Melalui Edukasi Gema Cermat Dengan Metode Cbia. Dinamisia : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 2(1), 106–112. https://doi.org/10.31849/dinamisia.v2i1.1085

Pertiwi, P. R., Farida, I., Novianti R. (2011). Karakteristik Adopter pada Masyarakat Nelayan Kampung Cipatuguran Pelabuhan Ratu dalam Penerimaan Teknologi Baru. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 7(1), 1-9.

Pirngadi, K. (2009). Peran Bahan Organik Dalam Peningkatan Produksi Padi Berkelanjutan Mendukung Ketahan Pangan Nasional. Pengembangan Inovasi Pertanian, 2(1), 48–64. http://203.176.181.70/publikasi/ip021094.pdf

Ruhimat, I. S. (2014). Faktor-Faktor Untuk Peningkatan Kemandirian Petani Dalam Pengelolaan Hutan Rakyat : Studi Kasus Di Desa Ranggang , Kabupaten Tanah Laut , Kalimantan Selatan ( Factors Improving Self-reliance of Farmers in Community Forest Management : Case Study in Rangga. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Dan Ekonomi Kehutanan, 11(3), 237–249.

Sadono, D. (2008). Pemberdayaan Petani: Paradigma Baru Penyuluhan Pertanian di Indonesia. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2170

Sadono, D., & Jalieli, A. (2015). The Level of Participation and Empowerment of Farmers Graduated SL-PTT Program in Gegesik Wetan, Cirebon District. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 9(2).

Setiyawan. (2013). Evaluasi Penerapan Teknologi pada Program Sekolah Lapang Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu) Padi di Kecamatan Benua Kayong Kabupaten Ketapang. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.

Sriati, S., Hakim, N., & Arbi, M. (2017). Partisipasi Petani dan Efektivitas Gapoktan dalam Penguatan Lembaga Distribusi Pangan Masyarakat (LDPM) di Kecamatan Makarti Jaya Kabupaten Banyuasin. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 13(1), 88. https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.14206

Suwarto, & Anantanyu, S. (2012). Model Partisipasi Petani Lahan Kering. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 13(2004), 218–234.

Tamba, M., & Sarma, M. (2007). Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kebutuhan Informasi Pertanian Bagi Petani Sayuran Di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2148

Published
2021-05-03
How to Cite
Mulyaningsih, A., Suherna, S., & Gunawan, G. (2021). Environmentally Friendly Rice Farmer Empowerment for Sustainable Food Security in Banten Province. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 17(1), 103-112. https://doi.org/10.25015/17202132969