The Urgency of Institutional Development of Cassava Industry in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta and Jawa Tengah

  • Yuhan Farah Maulida Universitas Gadjah Mada https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9210-5445
  • Subejo Study Program of Agricultural Extension and Communication, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
  • Suhatmini Hardyastuti
Keywords: cassava, food industry, institution, partnership, social capital

Abstract

     The study shows that there was variation in the process of cassava-based food production. In Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) and Central Java, the farming systems were still subsistence oriented as the members still carried out traditional farming and worked without practicing intensive farming. However, the cassava-based food processing had already been commercially oriented. Some farmers have successfully collaborated with the larger cassava industry who were profit and commercially oriented. Some agribusiness units required specific varieties, but others opened to any varieties of cassava. The various arrangements have created different patterns of partnership. There were three types of business partnerships namely (1) growers and small-scale manufacturers; (2) partnership among growers, raw material processors, food manufacturers, and distributors or sellers; and (3) partnership among growers, small or large manufacturers and distributors or sellers. Among those three patterns, some enterprises had already performed a business-oriented processing method and quality assurance which requires best quality of raw cassava. This is resulted in a better selling price. Business partnerships can guarantee the sustainability of business relationships among business units. A better upstream-downstream relation needs to be developed to prevent the risks of raw materials supply.

Author Biography

Yuhan Farah Maulida, Universitas Gadjah Mada
I am a faculty member at the Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics (Study Program of Agricultural Extension and Communication) Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. My area of expertise are Rural and Environmental Sociology, Anthropology, Agrarian Change, Agricultural Extension and Communication, Gender and Development, and Community Development. My students and I study the social processes that affect the management of agricultural activities, using ethnographic, historical, and other broadly sociological research methods. I am particularly interested in how social difference and subjactive identity, i.e. gender, ethnic, class, affect the arrangements of farmers life in Indonesia. Currently, I am working on a project about socio-ecological aspects of small-scale farming in watershed area.

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Published
2021-04-16
Section
Articles