The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding cassava leaf meal and golden snail on performances, chemical, and physical qualities of local duck egg. The experiment used 180 Pajajaran laying ducks of 20 weeks of age and was offered dietary treatments up to 26 weeks of age. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement. The first factor was the treatment of cassava leaf meal consisted of 3 levels, i.e., 0%, 5%, and 10%. The second factor was the treatment of golden snail consisted of 2 levels, i.e., 0% and 10%. Each experimental unit used three replicates and each replicate consisted of ten ducks. The results showed that there was no interaction effect of cassava leaf meal and golden snail treatments on laying duck performances and egg qualities. There were significant effects of cassava leaf meal and golden snail treatments (p<0.05) on egg production, feed intake, egg mass, egg index, and egg yolk color. However, egg weight, feed conversion ratio, yolk fat, yolk cholesterol, and yolk TBARS values, albumen weight, eggshell weight, shell thickness, and Haugh unit values were not affected (p>0.05) by treatments of cassava leave meal and golden snail. The utilization of 10% cassava leaf meal in the diet significantly improved egg production, feed intake, egg mass, and yolk color (p<0.05). The lowest egg index was found in the eggs produced by ducks fed diet containing 5% cassava leaf meal, but it is still within the normal range. Ducks fed a diet containing 5% golden snail significantly had higher feed intake, egg mass, percentage of albumen, and yolk color. It was concluded that there was no interaction effect of cassava leaf meal and golden snail treatments on laying duck performances and egg qualities. A diet containing 10% cassava leaf meal or a diet containing 5% golden snail had the greatest effects on the performance and physical quality of egg without affecting the chemical quality of the egg.
Adeyemi, O. A., J. A. Adekoya, & R. Abayomi. 2012. Performance of broiler chickens fed diets containing cassava leaf : blood meal mix as replacement for soybean meal. Rev. Cient. Agríc. 12: 212-219.
Begli, H. E., S. Zerehdaran, S. Hassani, M. A. Abbasi, & A. R. K. Ahmadi. 2010. Heritability, genetic and phenotypic correlations of egg quality traits in Iranian Native Fowl. British. Poult. Sci. 51: 740-744. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2010.528750
Bovšková, H., K. Míková, & Z. Panovská. 2014. Evaluation of egg yolk colour. Czech. J. Food Sci. 32: 213-217. https://doi.org/10.17221/47/2013-CJFS
Çalışlar, S. 2019. The Important of beta carotene on poultry nutrition. Selcuk. J .Agric. Food. Sci. 33: 252-259. https://doi.org/10.15316/SJAFS.2019.185
Chaiyasit, W., R. G. Brannan, D. Chareonsuk, & W. Chanasattru. 2019. Comparison of physicochemical and functional properties of chicken and duck egg albumens. Braz. J. Poult. Sci. 21: 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2017-0705
Darmawan, A., K. G. Wiryawan, & Sumiati. 2013. Egg production and quality of magelang duck fed diets containing different ratio of omega 3 : omega 6 and organic Zn. Med. Pet. 36: 197-202. https://doi.org/10.5398/medpet.2013.36.3.197
Dauqan, E., A. Abdullah, & H. A. Sani. 2013. Lipid peroxidation in rat liver using different vegetable oils. The Malay. J. Analytical. Sci. 17: 300-309.
Fiedor, J. & K. Burda. 2014. Potential role of carotenoids as antioxidants in human health and disease. Nutr. 6: 466-488. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu6020466
Fouad, A. M., D. Ruan, Y. C. Lin, C. T. Zheng, H. X. Zhang, W. Chen, S. Wang, W. G. Xia, W, & Y. Li. 2016. Effects of dietary methionine on performance, egg quality and glutathione redox system in egg-laying ducks. Brit. Poult. Sci.57: 818-823. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2016.1222603
Galon, E. M., D. Lorenzo, & F. Claveria. 2017. Growth and egg production performance of Dekalb layers (Gallus gallus domesticus) supplemented with cassava leaf meal (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Asian J. Agric. Biol. 5: 83-87.
Ghosh, S., C. Jung, &V. B. Meyer-Rochow. 2017. Snail as mini-livestock: nutritional potential of farmed Pomacea canaliculata (Ampullariidae). Agric. Natur. Res. 51: 504-511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anres.2017.12.007
Haugh, R. R. 1937. A new method for determining the quality of an egg. US Poultry Magazine. 39: 27-49.
Hien, T. Q., N. D. Hoan, T.T. Hoan, & T. Q. Trung. 2016. Relation between carotenoids content in egg yolk and hatching egg quality according to the time laying hens are fed diet containing leaf meal. Bulgarian. J. Agric. Sci. 22 (Supple. 1): 92-98.
Huang, J. F. & C. C. Lin. 2011. Production, Composition, and Quality of Duck Eggs. Woodhead Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857093912.4.487
Innes, J. K, & P. C. Calder. 2018. The differential effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid on cardiometabolic risk factors: A systematic review. Int. J. Mol. Sci.19: 532. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19020532
Lee, M. H., E. J. Cho, E. S. Choi, & S. H. Sohn. 2016. The effect of storage period and temperature on egg quality in commercial eggs. Korean. J. Poult. Sci. 43: 31-38. https://doi.org/10.5536/kjps.2016.43.1.31
Lesson, S. & J. D. Summers. 2005. Commercial Poultry Nutrition. 3rd Ed. Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph. University Books, Guleph.
Nassiri, M. H., M. K. Fard, M. J. Agah, S. J. Hosseini, & M. T. Mirakzehi. 2012. Effect of different levels of methionine, protein and tallow on the productive performance and egg quality of laying hens in the late-phase production. Rev. Bras. de Ciencia Avic. 14: 149-158. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-635X2012000200010
Nnaji, J.C., F. C. Okoye, & V. O. Omeje. 2010. Screening of leaf meals as feed supplements in the culture of Oreochromis niloticus. Afric. J. Food. Agric. Nutr Develop. 10: 2112-2123. https://doi.org/10.4314/ajfand.v10i2.53354
Olarotimi, O. J. & O. A. Adu. 2017. Potentials of non-conventional protein sources in poultry nutrition. Arch. de Zoot. 66: 287-299. https://doi.org/10.21071/az.v66i255.2524
Oresegun, A., O. A. Fagbenro, P. Ilona, & E. Bernard. 2016. Nutritional and anti-nutritional composition of cassava leaf protein concentrate from six cassava varieties for use inaquafeed. Cogent Food. Agric.2: 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2016.1147323
Palozza, P., A. Catalano, R. E. Simone, M. C. Mele, & A. Cittadini. 2012. Effect of lycopene and tomato products on cholesterol metabolism. Ann. Nutr. Met. 61: 126-134. https://doi.org/10.1159/000342077
Palupi, R., L. Abdullah, D. A. Astuti, & Sumiati. 2015. Potential and utilization of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal as soybean meal substitution in laying hen diets. J. Ilmu Ter. Vet.19: 210-219. https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v19i3.1084
Palupi, R., F. N. Lubis, R. Rismawati, I. Sudibyo, & R. A. R. Siddiq. 2018. Effect of Indigofera zollingeriana top leaf meal supplementation as natural antioxidant source on production and quality of pegagan duck eggs. Bul. Pet. 42: 301-307. https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.22881
Quan, T. H. & S. Benjakul. 2018. Quality, protease inhibitor and gelling property of duck egg albumen as affected by storage conditions. J. Food Sci. Tech.55: 513-522. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-017-2960-6
Rice-Evans, C. & T. D. Anthony. 1991. Techniques in Free Radical Research. Elsevier. pp. 146-202.
Sah, N. & B. Mishra. 2018. Regulation of egg formation in the oviduct of laying hen. World’s Poult. Sci. J.74: 509-522. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933918000442
Salem, S. 2015. Effect of two carotenoids (Lycopene and β-Carotene) supplementation on hyperlipidemia and lipid peroxidation in experimental albino rats. J. High. Inst. Pub. Health 45: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.21608/jhiph.2015.20262
Shoimah, D., I. H. Djunaidi, & O. Sjofjan. 2019. Quality of duck eggs maintained using a different maintenance system in the Malang Raya area. Int. Res. J. Adv. Eng. Sci. 4: 273-277.
Śiątkiewicz, S., A. Arczewska-Włosek, J. Krawczyk, M. Puchała, & D. Józefiak. 2015. Effects on performance and eggshell quality of particle size of calcium sources in laying hens’ diets with different Ca concentrations. Archiv. Tierzucht. 58: 301-307. https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-58-301-2015
Srigandono, B. 1991. The Science of Waterfowl. Gadjah Mada University Press, Indonesia.
Subhan, A., T. Yuwanta, H. P. S. Jafendi, & E. S. Rohaeni. 2010. Pengaruh pemberian kombinasi sagu kukus (Metroxylon Spp) dan tepung keong mas (Pomacea Spp) sebagai pengganti jagung kuning terhadap penampilan itik jantan Alabio, Mojosari dan MA. J. Ilmu Ter. Vet. 15: 165-173.
Sumiati, A. Darmawan, & K. G. Wiryawan. 2016. Egg quality and blood hematology of magelang laying duck fed with diets containing different ratios of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids and organic Zn. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 15: 448-453. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2016.448.453
Syaharuddin, N., R. Rasdyanah, D. K. Sari, W. S. Monica, & A. W. Jamaluddin. 2019. Combination effect of golden snail powder and fermented coconut cake on quality of duck eggs. J. Ind. Vet. Res. 3: 47-56. https://doi.org/10.20956/jrvi.v3i2.6627
Ukanwoko, A. I. & C. Ukandu. 2011. Proximate composition of cassava peels ensiled with cassava, gliricidia and Leucaena leaf meals prepared under a humid environment. Continental J. Animal and Veterinary Research. 3: 36-40.
Viana, E. de F., J. H. Stringhini, F. B. de Carvalho, D. M. P.Viana, & M. A. da Costa. 2017. Effects of crude protein levels on egg quality traits of brown layers raised in two production systems. Rev. Bras. de Zoo.46: 847-855. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-92902017001100003
Widiyaningrum, P., Lisdiana, & N. R. Utami. 2016. Egg production and hatchability of local ducks under semi intensive vs extensive managements. J. Ind. Trop. Anim. Agric. 41: 77-82. https://doi.org/10.14710/jitaa.41.2.77-82
Yilmaz, A., C. Tepeli, & T. Çağlayan. 2011. External and internal egg quality characteristics in Japanese quails of different plumage color lines. J. Food. Agric. Env. 9: 375-379.
Zanu, H. K. & C. M. Avukpor. 2013. Effects of enzyme (xzyme) supplementation on the performance of laying hens fed diets containing different levels of cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) leaf meal. Online J. Anim. Feed Res. 3: 9-14.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors submitting manuscripts should understand and agree that copyright of manuscripts of the article shall be assigned/transferred to Tropical Animal Science Journal. The statement to release the copyright to Tropical Animal Science Journal is stated in Form A. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA) where Authors and Readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.